WELCOME TO .............
The background sound is a clip of "I Love You" by the Four Most.
was one of the first labels exclusively devoted to R&B reissues. Inspired by
Irv "Slim" Rose's fabled Times Square Records, Relic was started in
1963 as a strictly 45 label specializing in R&B vocal group harmony. (It
wasn't ever called "doo-wop" until the early 1970s ... ) Relic's
first album, "Best of Acappella, Volume One" (Relic LP 101, now
reissued as Relic CD 7052), was released in February, 1965, and our 5000 LP
series was launched with "The Harptones" in 1971. The selections on
this CD compilation were all issued on Relic 45s in the sixties and early
seventies. They are mostly a direct reflection of Relic founder Eddie Gries's
personal taste; many of these records had been forgotten by everyone concerned
when Gries and I bought or leased the masters for the growing young collector
November 1962 - All albums in stock were displayed on the album wall.
history of Slim Rose's Times Square Records and its profound influence on young
entrepreneurs and R&B fans has been thoroughly documented elsewhere. (See,
for example, liner notes for "Golden Era of Doc Wops: Times Square
Records" (Relic CD 7091), the Edsels' "Rama Lama Ding Dong" (RCD
7050), and the notes to Rhino Records'"Doo Wop Box.") When Slim was
persuaded by Jerry Greene (according to his account) to advertise his struggling
shop on Alan Fredericks's "Night Train" radio show in the fall of
1959, he created an instant market for old vocal group 45s. Collectors all over
New York City vied to locate obscure and little known doo wop 45s, many issued
by forgotten, short-lived tiny labels. Most of us were still teenagers and we
responded mostfavorablyto strong up-tempo tunes preferably featuring high,
wailing tenors and rumbling basses. We loved the Frankie Lymon inspired "kiddie"
sound and we appreciated the heartfelt doo-wop ballads of the mid-to-late
fifties much more thanthe polished rhythm and blues warblings of the Dominoes,
Ravens, Five Keys, or Orioles. As a result, Relic's early 45s were a decidedly
mixed bag of just about every kind of group harmony, although all were pitched
directly at the young collector market.
The second "Relic Rack" 136 Main Street Hackensack, New Jersey
Original home of Relic Records (the label)
Currently the home of the Relic Record Shoppe
was an offshoot of Eddie Gries's pioneering Relic Rack retail/wholesale oldies
shop which opened for business at 116 Main Street in Hackensack, New Jersey
(about eight miles from Manhattan) in October, 1962. Gries started selling old
45s out of his car trunk while still a student at Montclair State College. He
worked for one of Sam Goody's first retail outlets at Garden State Plaza in
Paramus, New Jersey and soon became their resident "oldies" expert. He
worked part time for Joe Martin's hot new Apex Martin (Newark, New Jersey)
distributorship and, with Martin's financial help and fatherly encouragement,
set up Relic Rack and launched the Relic label.
Donn Fileti and Eddie Gries
Gries intended to find and reissue masters from the fifties and early sixties which would appeal to collectors and might even emerge as regional "sleepers" with appropriate radio play. Slim had been directly responsible for creating several important national hits which he had only promoted as "oldies." The Capris' "There's a Moon Out Tonight," the Shells' "Baby Oh Baby," and the Edsels' "Rama Lama Ding Dong," among others, would not have been resurrected from oblivion had it not been for Times Square Records. With his popular 45s by the Timetones inching up the national charts, Slim's own Times Square record label was making its presence known in the early sixties.
Relic single was the Four Most's I Love You' / 'The Breeze and I" (Relic
501), originally released in the winter of 1960 on Joe Flis's Milo label, an
adjunct to his tiny recording studio and publishing company in Harrison, New
Jersey. "I Love You" was pressed for Relic by Kay Records in Little
Ferry, New Jersey in different shades of colored vinyl and, almost miraculously,
started to sell throughout the New York area as a result of concentrated airplay
on Danny "Katman" Stiles's WNJR show, partially sponsored by the new
Relic Rack shop. "I Love You" was purchased outright from Milo for
$150, a handsome sum in those days for a master which had probably not sold one
copy upon its initial release.
The next group
of Relic 45s were direct reissues of 45s originally produced by Jerry Winston's
Onyx label between 1956 and 1958. Winston sold his Onyx masters to Relic for
$2500 in June, 1963 and Relic proceeded to press the best Onyx 45s on both
colored and black vinyl under the distinctive new "Relic" logo. The
Velours" 'Can I Come Over Tonight?" was Onyx's biggest hit and it soon
became the cornerstone of Relic's growing catalog.
The Teenos' quirky "Love Only One" was a personal favorite of Eddie Gries when Slim featured the song on his radio shows in the early sixties. Originally issued by Foster Johnson's short-lived Dub label out of Little Rock, Arkansas in 1958, "Love Only One" was a thorough bomb. When my high school friend and first record partner, Wayne Stierle, and I bought hundreds of copies of the Edsels'Dub 45, "Rama Lama Ding Dong," to sell to Slim, we were offered stacks of the Teenos' single for about a dime apiece. Slim bought some on condition that he pay thirty five cents each, a considerable reduction from his usual wholesale price of half a buck per record. A couple years later, I contacted Johnson and sold the rights to Relic in September, 1962 for $150. Although the Teenos had completely vanished, we were quite meticulous when securing the legal rights to reissue these forgotten masters. This and other similar deals helped me pay for my last year of college until I joined Relic permanently in June, 1964.
Ed and I bought three very desirable masters (or so we thought ... ) from New Haven, Connecticut attorney, Joel Alderman in August, 1963. Originally released on Alderman's makeshift Ancho (first called Anchor) label in 1957-58, the six sides by the Academics and Starlarks were only fair sellers when reissued by Relic. (Some years later we finally appreciated the unfortunate fact that most collectors preferred to purchase 45s on exact reproductions of the original label, rather than on a reissue logo.) The Academics were a talented young white group from Hillhouse High in New Haven, whose chief distinction may have been lead singer Dave Fisher's departure to form the Highwaymen ("Michael, Row the Boat Ashore") a few years later. Wes Forbes and the Starlarks were remembered for their moving doo-wop ballad, "Fountain of Love," originally released on Alderman's Elm label in 1956.
Gries and I usually personally preferred the black group sound, Ed took a
special liking to the Illusions' Mali disc, "Hey Boy," first released
in March, 1962 and reissued by Relic only a year later in the fall of 1963.
Jerry Blavat made "Hey Boy" a Philly favorite in the mid-sixties, but
Mali had two partners. One sold "Hey Boy" to Relic, and his equal
peddled the master to Jerry Greene and Jared Weinstein at Lost Nite Records in
is a Vow" was a reissue of an obscure 45 on Karen Records by the
"Levee Songsters." For obvious reasons, Gries shortened the name to
"Levees," although the Levees' song first came out as by the Teentones
on the Rego label in 1958. The Brooklyn based group was better known as the
Mello Harps and the original group - Daniel Elder, Bobby Hawkins, Ron Fox,
Arnold Malone, and Vernon Staley - cut their first version of "Love
is a Vow" for Morty Craft's Do Re Mi label in 1955.
and the Martels were an excellent obscure group who cut "Forgotten
Spring'?'Va Va Voom" for Gradie O'Neal and John Pusateri's Cessna and Bella
labels (it's still unclear which label was first) in 1961. One of Eddie's
personal favorites, the wistful ballad out of San Jose, California was quickly
forgotten even on Relic reissue.
Forthe sum of
fifty dollars, Relic bought all rights to the Unique Teens' "Whatcha Know
New"/"Run Fast" from Ulysses Smith's Dynamic label in 1963, and
Gries eventually discovered that most collectors preferred to purchase "Whatcha
Known New" on a Dynamic second pressing rather than on the Relic logo.
Relic "gold" 1000 series was launched in 1964 to complement the
original "500" series. We purchased the Zircons' regional noisemaker,
"Your Way' / 'Lonely Way," from Mellomood Records (owned by fellow
collectors) and promptly reissued the single as Relic 1008. The Excels'
"Baby Doll" appeared on Central Records in the summer of 1958 and was
inherited as part of Relic's purchase of Times Square Records in March, 1965.
mediocre songs by the Quinns, Newtones, and Kents on this CD were originally
produced by Al Browne, whose prolific combo backed the Heartbeats on Hull, the
Deltairs on Ivy, and the Crests on Joyce. When we purchased these masters from
Browne in 1965, we received unmarkedtape boxes lacking datesorsession data, but,
presumably, the material dates from the late fifties. The Kents became the
Criterions on Cecilia (Tim Hauser of Manhattan Transfer's first group), while
the Newtones recorded a very rare single for Baton, I Remember the Night' /
'Going Steady," in 1958.
purchased all rights to Leo Rogers's Bruce label, we reissued the best Harptones'
singles on 45. "My Memories of You," of course was their hit follow-up
to "A Sunday Kind of Love." (All the Harptones' great Bruce recordings
can be found on Relic CD 7021.) Willie Winfield and Raoul Cita's fine group has
become a particular favorite for discerning R&B collectors over the years.
Slim purchased several sides by the "Moonglows" from Lana Records. Although this phantom incarnation of the Moonglows probably contained few original members, if any, they re-recorded the Moonglows' hits for the Sutton brothers' cut-rate, mass market Lana label. I Pray for Love" was included on Slim's Lana tape, but it was first issued by Relic on 45 in the seventies.
original multi-colored and colored vinyl Relic 45s have become collectors' items
on their own, most were anthologized on two Relic LPs in the seventies and,
since most master tapes have been well preserved, they sound better than ever on
our "Best of Relic, Volume One" CD compilation.
Conversations with Eddie Gries, June, 1995.
George Lavatelli continues to operate the Relic Record Shoppe in Hackensack, New Jersey and provides the best in Pop / Doo-Wop / Blues / Soul / Rap music. You can contact George at 201-342-4848.